UNICEF recruits 01 Consultancy: Development of Care Reform Strategy

UNICEF recruits 01 Consultancy: Development of Care Reform Strategy


Nairobi, Kenya
Humanitaire (ONG, Associations, …), Projet/programme de développement
Consultancy: Development of Care Reform Strategy -Nairobi, Kenya
Job Number: 527650 | Vacancy Link
Locations: Africa: Kenya
Work Type : Consultancy
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential.
Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone.
And we never give up.
Position/ Assignment Title
Individual Consultancy for Development of Care Reform Strategy
Location of Assignment
Nairobi with some travel outside Nairobi for consultation of stakeholders
Duration of contract
69 working days spread within 4 months
Start date and End date
1st November 2019 to 15th March 2020
Background and Justification
In 2017, Kenya’s population was estimated to be 49.6 million with children between 0-18 years accounting for 49 per cent, adolescent 10-19 years make upto about 24 per cent. The Social Protection Sector Review Report of 2012 indicate that there are 3.2 million orphans and vulnerable children (OVC).  Many of these children are cared for by their parents, extended family or other community members, while others are residing in institutions. The official number of children in private registered residential care (known as Charitable Children Institutions-CCIs) is 43,000 as of 2017. 2018 and 2019 data is not available.  There are an estimated 1,500 children in the 29 government statutory institutions which include remand homes, rehabilitation homes and rescue centres.
Over the years, Kenya has put a lot of efforts and has shown commitment to embracing family-based care for children including orphans and vulnerable children; hence moving away from an over-reliance on residential care of children.   For instance, in 2004, Government of Kenya (GoK) initiated a Cash Transfer programme for OVC (CT-OVC) to support families to cope with the increased burden of caring for OVC and hence prevent separation of children from their families and communities.  As of 2018, the CT-OVC programme was reaching an estimated 1.2 million OVC.  In 2005, GoK developed Regulations on Adoptions and also for Charitable Children Institutions (CCI). Recent programmes include the Presidential Bursary programme for children whose families are unable to pay for their school fees, the universal health care services including expansion of National Hospital Insurance Fund coverage, the free/subsidized primary and secondary education, among others. Funds and personnel to government agencies such as Department of Children Services (DCS), National Council of Children Services (NCCS), Child
Welfare Society of Kenya (CWSK), Street Families Rehabilitation Trust Fund (SFRF) and Department of Social Development have also been increased for better protection and care of children and support of families.
To obtain a deeper understanding of policy and practice that support children without parental care, GoK in 2008 commissioned a study titled “Policy and Practice of Foster Care, Guardianship, Adoption and charitable children institutions”.   With gaps identified in this study, GoK developed guiding documents for care and protection of children without parental care or at risk of separation from families.  The documents are i) National Standards for Best Practices in CCI (2013), (ii) Guidelines for Alternative Family Care for Children in Kenya (2014), and (iii) Through Care Guidelines of 2013.  Equally, a number of relevant policy directives have been issued including (a) issuance of moratorium on inter-country adoption-2014, (b) suspension of registration of new charitable children institutions in 2017 and (c) public Media statement by Cabinet Secretary of Labour and Social Protection in May  2019.  The Children Act 2001 is also being reviewed to provide for more family-based care support as opposed to residential institutional care that has gained prominence over the years.
Furthermore, Kenya is currently experiencing increased government and civil society organizations’ implementation initiatives that promote retention of children in families, tracing and reunification and placement in alternative family-based care options.  Family based care programmes have been initiated by government with support of partners in 6 counties (Kisumu, Nyamira, Kiambu, Kilifi, Murang’a and Nakuru), and a number of CCIs have started work on de-institutionalization of children from their CCIs.  There are also a number of interest groups and networks that have been formed over the years, all to promote better care and protection of children without parental care. These include; Association for Alternative Family Care of children, the Association of Charitable Children’s Institutions in Kenya (ACCIK), Kenya Society of Care leavers (KESCA), Association of Adoptive Parents, Founders of Children’s Homes Association of Kenya, among others.
While there is momentum and increased understanding for improved care and protection of children without parental care, there is a need to strengthen coordination of efforts by government and CSOs. There is also a need for an overall Government strategy document that provide step-by-step roadmap on both immediate and long-term action with timelines, on moving from the heavy reliance on residential care to family and community-based care; and in recognition that only children who cannot be cared for in families and community are in residential care.  The government, under the leadership of National Council of Children Services (NCCS) is currently spearheading other relevant government agencies in discussing an improved coordinated approach for policy and programming for children without parental care or at risk of separation. NCCS is the agency mandated to coordinate government and non-governmental agencies implementing of children programmes and services. It is against this backdrop, that NCCS intends to develop a National Care Reform Strategy to guide the development and implementation of policies and programmes to ensure children are taken care of in families and communities.
In Kenya, the Care Reform is being defined as containing four pillars namely;
i)            Strengthening families to help prevent separation of children from families
ii)           Effective tracing, reunification and reintegration mechanisms and structures
iii)          De-institutionalization:  As a process of replacing institutional child-care with family or family-type
iv)          Available and accessible alternative family and community-based care options.
The purpose of this consultancy is to develop a national Care Reform Strategy and implementation road-map for the government through consultative and consensus building engagements with stakeholders. The Care Reform Strategy will include:  vision, objectives, scope, expected results, key areas of intervention, roles and responsibilities of different duty bearers, implementation timelines, M&E, estimated budgets among others.
Scope of the work
Under the supervision of NCCS and a multi-sectorial technical working group, and in consultation with relevant stakeholders, the consultant will undertake the following activities towards achieving the objective of this assignment;
  Activity No. of Days


Inception report and workplan for consultancy.   3


Undertake a rapid review on the context of Kenya to inform the care reform strategy.  The rapid review will look at the legal and social-economic context as well as administrative and operational structures and mechanism in which the care reform is to be implemented.  This should identify enablers and obstacles  to achieving care reform and therefore factor them in the strategy.   A report of the review to be completed. 14


Consults with all relevant government agencies at national level and selected counties to understand and agree on their different and/or joint roles and responsibilities in Care Reform.  NCCS will provide list of government agencies to be consulted. 10


Consult stakeholders, including children and care leavers, to get their views  and reach consensus on the results to be achieved within the implementation period of the care reform strategy, including related activities and indicators to measure results.  Consultations may include meetings, workshops and visiting some counties.  NCCS and TWG will advice on this.  Stakeholder’s opinion and input to be included in report of the rapid review on care reform context. 21


Develop a draft care reform strategy and implementation road-map, i.e. Draft 1, and present to NCCS, TWG and stakeholders for their input. 5


With input of stakeholders, develop Draft 2 of the Strategy and implementation road-map. 3


Facilitate validation of Draft 2 of the strategy and implementation road map. 5


Develop a final version of the strategy and  implementation road map, and present to NCCS for their relevant action. 5


Report of the steps followed to develop the Strategy and the road-map.  Reports of various stakeholders’ consultative meetings and list of participants to be attached and the Rapid review report inclusive of stakeholders input. 3
                                                                                  Total Days 69







Tentative date

% of Payment

1 Inception Report with workplan   15/11/2019  


2 Report of rapid review of care reform context in Kenya   30/11/2019
3 Report on the different roles and responsibilities of different government agencies   31/01/2020 30%
  Updated report of rapid review of care reform context with input from stakeholders including children and care leavers   31/01/2020
4 Draft 1 of the Care Reform Strategy   31/01/2020
  Draft 2 of the Care Reform Strategy   15/02/2020 20%
7 Final Version of the Strategy   15/03/2020 20%
8 Report of the steps followed to develop the Strategy.  Reports of various stakeholders’ consultative meetings and list of participants to be attached.   15/03/2020


Required qualifications, desired competencies, technical background and experience
i)   The consultant should have a minimum of advanced degree in relevant social science such as social work, law, community development, M&E from recognized university.
Relevant Experience
Consultant must demonstrate
·       Having supported government to developed at least 3 similar documents of high standards and that the documents were endorsed by the relevant governments
·       Having worked with a group of diverse stakeholders
Additional Knowledge of the consultant
Demonstrated understanding of gender and child protection and how to apply the knowledge in the assignment
Competencies of the team members
i)       Drive for results
ii)      Working with people
iii)     Analytical Skills
iv)     Technical knowledge in subject area
v)       Excellent writing and communication skills with ability to present ideas and concepts concisely in written and oral form
vi)     Have the ability to write for a general audience of child rights advocates, policy makers and others interested in the well-being of children
vii)   Be able to work under minimum supervision and to meet tight deadlines
Languages required:  Excellent written and spoken English.
All applications must include an all inclusive financial proposal indicating rate, travel expenses and any other miscellaneous expenses
As per UNICEF DFAM policy, payment is made against approved deliverables. No advance payment is allowed unless in exceptional circumstances against bank guarantee, subject to a maximum of 30 per cent of the total contract value in cases where advance purchases, for example for supplies or travel, may be necessary.
Closing Date Wed Nov 20 2019 21:55:00 GMT+0100 (Afr. centrale Ouest)


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